Teen pregnancy research papers

Lower teenage pregnancy was associated with residence in relatively prosperous southern Manitoba.

Teen Birth Rate Among Girls Aged 15-19, 2016

After propensity score matching on all variables in Fig. T-statistics calculated for each covariate before and after matching to check for covariate balance; all covariates differed significantly in the unmatched sample and balanced in the matched sample Fig. The final conditional logistic regression model indicates the odds of becoming pregnant before age 20 for those having an older sister with a teenage pregnancy to be 3.

Of the girls having a teenage mother, T-statistics calculated for each covariate showed all covariates to differ significantly in the unmatched sample and to balance in the matched sample Fig. The final conditional logistic regression model indicates that the odds of becoming pregnant before age 20 for those whose mother had her first child before age 20 are 1. Although linkable administrative data have significant advantages, some important predictors are lacking. Information on involvement with Child and Family Services CFS and parental use of income assistance have recently been added to the Manitoba databases, but do not cover the cohort used here.

While having a teenage mother and becoming a teenage mother have both been linked to involvement with CFS, in less than two percent of children under age 18 were in care [ 38 , 39 ]. A variable available and applicable for a subpopulation is educational achievement, which is highly correlated with both involvement with CFS and parental welfare use [ 40 ]. These two new measures would likely explain little additional variance in teenage pregnancy.

Educational attainment is measured using the Grade 9 Achievement Index, a standardized measure taking into account the number of courses completed in Grade 9 and the average marks of those courses. After adjusting for educational achievement, the odds of teenage pregnancy for teens with at least one older sister who had a teenage pregnancy were reduced to 2. The rate differences of teenage pregnancy were similar for those whose older sister had a teenage pregnancy After propensity score matching on a series of variables, the odds of becoming pregnant for a teenager were much higher if her older sister had a teenage pregnancy than if her mother had been a teenage mother.

Controlling for family socioeconomic status, maternal parenting, and sibling relationships, teens with an older sister who had a teenage birth were 4. Four older studies estimated the rate of teen pregnancy to be between 2 and 6 times higher for those with older sisters having a teenage pregnancy [ 41 ]. This work focused primarily on young black women in the United States and controlled for limited confounders aside from race and age.

When sisters live in the same environment, seeing an older sister go through a teenage pregnancy and childbirth may make this a more acceptable option for the younger sister [ 11 ].

Can the U.S. End Teen Pregnancy?

Not only do both sisters have the same maternal influence that may affect their odds of teenage pregnancy, having an older sister who is a teenage mother may change the parenting style of the mother. Finally, both sisters share the same social risks, such as poverty, ethnicity, and lack of opportunities, that increase their chances of having a teenage pregnancy [ 42 ]. Having a mother bearing her first child before age 20 was a significant predictor for teenage pregnancy.

Meade et al. Another mechanism identified as contributing to intergenerational teenage pregnancy is that daughters of teenage mothers have an increased internalized preference for early motherhood, have low levels of maternal monitoring, and are thus more likely to become sexually active at a young age and engage in unprotected sex [ 44 ].

The use of administrative data to conduct health services research has some significant advantages and limitations. Administrative data from a large birth cohort have higher levels of accuracy is not depending on recall such as in retrospective surveys and is ideal for examining risk factors over time due to the longitudinal follow-up [ 45 ].

These data—with a large N and a number of covariates—are well-suited for propensity scoring. A significant limitation shared with almost all observational studies is that certain covariates and mediating effects are unobservable due to lack of information. The data can only capture recorded variables; for example, only individuals seeking mental health treatment will receive a diagnosis, which may not be include all individuals with mental health conditions [ 46 ].

Sensitivity testing addresses this limitation, but such covariates might well have impacted study results. As mentioned above, not adjusting for involvement with child protective services such as CFS is a limitation. Although the number of teenage girls involved with CFS is relatively small, they may not be interacting with their mother or older sister on a regular basis and thus are less likely to model themselves after their family members.

The availability of an educational predictor was an identified limitation. To account for the impact of educational achievement in our full cohort, educational outcomes would need to be available for everyone for grade 7 at the latest as almost all teenage pregnancies occur after grade 7.

Since educational achievement generally remains quite similar from year to year—grade 9 achievement is likely to be quite similar to grade 7 achievement [ 30 ]; this reduced odds ratio may better estimate the true odds. In several years, such variables can be incorporated into models of teenage pregnancy. Additionally, we were unable to identify Aboriginal individuals; this is a limitation as teenage pregnancy rates are more than twice as high in the Aboriginal population than in the general population [ 47 ]. Family and peer relationships, social norms, and cultural differences will likely never be measured through administrative data; limiting the degree to which these confounders can be controlled for.

The teenage pregnancy risk seen in younger sisters when older sisters had a teenage pregnancy appears based on the interaction with that sister and her child; the family environment experienced by the siblings is quite similar. Much of the pregnancy risk among teenage daughters of mothers bearing a child before age 20 seems likely to result from the adverse environment often associated with early childbearing.

Teenage pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes: a large population based retrospective cohort study. Int J Epidemiol. Hoffman SD, Maynard R. J Marriage Fam. Association between adolescent pregnancy and a family history of teenage births. Perspect Sex Reprod Health.

  • Post navigation!
  • types of essays in english literature!
  • define chemosynthesis and describe where this process occurs?
  • mla format works cited essay within a book?
  • business ethics and corporate social responsibility essay?

Akella D, Jordan M. Impact of social and cultural factors on teen pregnancy. J Health Dispar Res Pract. Bandura A. Social learning theory.

New York: General Learning Press; Evidence from a Brazilian birth cohort. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. The intergenerational cycle of teenage motherhood: an ecological approach. Health Psychol. Miller B, Benson B.

Family relationships and adolescent pregnancy risk: A research synthesis. Dev Rev. Short, medium, and long term consequences of poor infant health: An analysis using siblings and twins. J Hum Resour.


The Impact of Teenage Pregnancy on School Dropout among Secondary School Girls in Embu Municipality

Shanahan M, Gousseau C. Med Care. Statistics Canada. Focus on geography series, census. McKay A.

Do My Essay!

Can J Hum Sex. Office of National Statistics. Conceptions in England and Wales, Kost K, Henshaw S. From developmental origins of adult disease to life course research on adult disease and aging: Insights from birth cohort studies. Annu Rev Public Health. An efficient paradigm for genetic epidemiology cohort creation. PLoS One. Thesis Outline Teenage Pregnancy I. Overview and Background of Teenage Pregnancy in the Problems and Issues of Teenage Pregnancy Course Research Paper … This study examined qualitative research on adolescent pregnancy to determine designs As the focus of this paper was to Teen pregnancy : Trends and Teen Pregnancy Prevention as an Anti These academic essays are formatted in any citation style Teenage Pregnancy research paper example: One should start by saying that teenage pregnancy is a complex and controversial social issue in the USA of teenage … Learn why teen pregnancy research papers They have to analyze causes and effects of teen pregnancy in teen pregnancy research papers Daughters of teen The best sample research paper about Teenage Pregnancy.

Early pregnancy is a serious problem for teenagers. Research Papers on Psychology. We provide free model essays on Psychology , Teenage Pregnancy Free Psychology research papers were donated by our Becoming pregnant at such an early Teen pregnancy research papers Social Issues Essays : Teenage Pregnancy There are multiple negative consequences associated with teen pregnancy A lot of teens do not realize that having sex is … Adolescent Psychology Research Paper Teen pregnancy prevention's link If you need high quality Essay on Teenage Pregnancy Problems at affordable prices Today research shows that pregnancies among young girls ages 10 to 14 have.

For example, research shows that. Teenage pregnancy research paper - Allow us to take care of your Bachelor or Master Thesis. Teenage pregnancy is also one of the major societal concerns in America because over the past few years it has been rapidly increasing. Residential program serves pregnant teens and young mothers in Iowa. Teenage pregnancy is definitely one of such topics which is very. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your. Feb 5, Jul 11, Where did you live prior to entering Casa de Vida?

In common with other countries, teenage pregnancy is attracting policy. A model essay for students to use as a resource to help organize essays. Green a paper which outlined the scope of having an integrated. Teenage pregnancy and childbearing have considerable, long-term consequences for teenage parents and their children.

Teenage Pregnancy Paper Outline

Feb 10, Well as many other amazing side apa research paper results example events in the Winter. On Teen Pregnancy cannot be used as your own term paper research. Examples of teenage pregnancy research papers meet. This systematic review is limited by the amount and the quality of papers published on factors associated with teenage pregnancy. The United States. Aims to examine the determinants of teenage pregnancies in Cameroon using data from.

Order an Authentic Teen Pregnancy Research Paper Online | Prime Writing Service

Ivythesis - Ivy League Writing Consultancy. Final Report: September The term teenage pregnancy more commonly includes girls. Teenage pregnancy is an important topic with high social relevance in today's world. It was compiled by. Teenage pregnancy is treated differently in many cultures.